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What causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)?

Smoking is the leading cause of COPD, but it can also be caused by long-term exposure to certain gases and fumes. These factors can lead to airway inflammation, which can damage the lung and make it more difficult to breathe.

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About this article

Author: Dr Joanne Van der Velden PhD, BSc (Hons)
First answered: 18 Sep 2014
Last reviewed: 17 Oct 2018
Rating: 5.0 out of 5
Votes: 1104 (Click smiley face below to rate)
Category: Asthma

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