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What is type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a long-term condition that impairs a person's ability to control the level of glucose (sugar) in the blood. Because blood glucose levels need to be within a normal range for a person to be healthy, type 2 diabetes can lead to serious health …
What causes type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes occurs because cells in the body become resistant to a hormone called insulin, which plays an important role in helping glucose pass into cells in the body. While there is a range of factors that increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, …
Who gets type 2 diabetes?
Anyone can get type 2 diabetes, but the risk increases as you get older, if you are overweight or obese, have previously had gestational diabetes, or have a family history of type 2 diabetes.
How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?
Diabetes is diagnosed with laboratory tests that analyse a blood sample for the amount of glucose present in the blood.
How is type 2 diabetes treated?
Depending on how advanced type 2 diabetes is, it is treated with a combination of medications and lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise. People with diabetes may often also need to see a range of healthcare providers …
Can type 2 diabetes be prevented?
Most people who develop type 2 diabetes do so very slowly. This period is sometimes called pre-diabetes. Lifestyle changes such as eating a low-fat healthy diet, being physically active and losing weight if you are overweight or obese can help to prevent …
Is type 2 diabetes serious?
Although it develops slowly, type 2 diabetes is a very serious health condition that requires lifelong management. It is a significant cause of health conditions including heart disease and stroke, kidney failure and blindness.
What can make type 2 diabetes worse?
Not managing your blood glucose (sugar) levels can increase your risk of serious complications of type 2 diabetes. Smoking, in particular, increases the risk of complications.
About this article
Author: Kellie Heywood
First answered: 28 Nov 2014
Last reviewed: 18 May 2018
Rating: 4.5 out of 5
Votes: 835 (Click smiley face below to rate)
Category: Type 1 diabetes